Endocervical adenocarcinomas (ECAs) uncommonly metastasize to the ovary; however, when they do they sometimes closely mimic a mucinous/endometrioid ovarian primary tumor. Here, 2 cases of mixed moderately differentiated ECA and high-grade cervical neuroendocrine carcinoma in which the ECA component metastasized to the ovary have been delineated and reported. In both cases, the primary tumor and the metastatic tumor were diffusely positive for p16 and high-risk human papillomavirus. Although similar to previously reported cases of adenocarcinoma in situ and invasive ECAs with ovarian involvement, none of the cases reported to date had concurrent neuroendocrine carcinoma with metastasis of the lower-grade component. In this respect, our cases are unique. The presence of lower uterine segment involvement in both cases and high-risk human papillomavirus positivity in the primary and metastatic tumors suggest a metastatic process, perhaps through transtubal spread, rather than independent primaries.
- High-risk human papillomavirus
- Neuroendocrine carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology