MIR-26a regulates mouse hepatocyte proliferation via directly targeting the 3' untranslated region of CCND2 and CCNE2

Jian Zhou, Wei Qiang Ju, Xiao Peng Yuan, Xiao Feng Zhu, Dong Ping Wang, Xiao Shun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background The deficiency of liver regeneration needs to be addressed in the fields of liver surgery, split liver transplantation and living donor liver transplantation. Researches of microRNAs would broaden our understandings on the mechanisms of various diseases. Our previous research confirmed that miR-26a regulated liver regeneration in mice; however, the relationship between miR-26a and its target, directly or indirectly, remains unclear. Therefore, the present study further investigated the mechanism of miR-26a in regulating mouse hepatocyte proliferation. Methods An established mouse liver cell line, Nctc-1469, was transfected with Ad5-miR-26a-EGFP, Ad5-anti-miR-26a-EGFP or Ad5-EGFP vector. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTS, cell apoptosis and cell cycle by flow cytometry, and gene expression by Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. Dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to test targets of miR-26a. Results Compared with the Ad5-EGFP group, Ad5-anti-miR-26a-EGFP down-regulated miR-26a and increased proliferation of hepatocytes, with more cells entering the G1 phase of cell cycle (82.70%±1.45% vs 75.80%±3.92%), and decreased apoptosis (5.50%±0.35% vs 6.73%±0.42%). CCND2 and CCNE2 were the direct targeted genes of miR-26a. miR-26a down-regulation up-regulated CCND2 and CCNE2 expressions and down-regulated p53 expression in Nctc-1469 cells. On the contrary, miR-26a over-expression showed the opposite results. Conclusions miR-26a regulated mouse hepatocyte proliferation by directly targeting the 3' untranslated regions of cyclin D2/cyclin E2; miR-26a also regulated p53-mediated apoptosis. Our data suggested that miR-26a may be a promising regulator in liver regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalHepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016


  • Key Words microRNA
  • MIR-26a
  • gene expression
  • hepatocyte
  • proliferation
  • regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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