MiR-22 has a potent anti-tumour role with therapeutic potential in acute myeloid leukaemia

Xi Jiang, Chao Hu, Stephen Arnovitz, Jason Bugno, Miao Yu, Zhixiang Zuo, Ping Chen, Hao Huang, Bryan Ulrich, Sandeep Gurbuxani, Hengyou Weng, Jennifer Strong, Yungui Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Justin Salat, Shenglai Li, Abdel G. Elkahloun, Yang Yang, Mary Beth Neilly, Richard A. LarsonMichelle M. Le Beau, Tobias Herold, Stefan K. Bohlander, Paul P. Liu, Jiwang Zhang, Zejuan Li, Chuan He, Jie Jin, Seungpyo Hong, Jianjun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


MicroRNAs are subject to precise regulation and have key roles in tumorigenesis. In contrast to the oncogenic role of miR-22 reported in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and breast cancer, here we show that miR-22 is an essential anti-tumour gatekeeper in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) where it is significantly downregulated. Forced expression of miR-22 significantly suppresses leukaemic cell viability and growth in vitro, and substantially inhibits leukaemia development and maintenance in vivo. Mechanistically, miR-22 targets multiple oncogenes, including CRTC1, FLT3 and MYCBP, and thus represses the CREB and MYC pathways. The downregulation of miR-22 in AML is caused by TET1/GFI1/EZH2/SIN3Amediated epigenetic repression and/or DNA copy-number loss. Furthermore, nanoparticles carrying miR-22 oligos significantly inhibit leukaemia progression in vivo. Together, our study uncovers a TET1/GFI1/EZH2/SIN3A/miR-22/CREB-MYC signalling circuit and thereby provides insights into epigenetic/genetic mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of AML, and also highlights the clinical potential of miR-22-based AML therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11452
JournalNature Communications
StatePublished - Apr 26 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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