The metabolism of apolipoprotein A-IV (apo-IV) has been investigated in the rat. In this animal species, apoA-IV is a major protein constituent of plasma HDL and lymph chylomicron. The apolipoprotein is also present in the lipoprotein-deficient fraction (LDF) of plasma and lymph. In vivo studies with the radioiodinated protein showed that apoA-IV does not exchange freely between HDL and LDF and that LDF apoA-IV had a faster catabolism than HDL apoA-IV. ApoA-IV in chylomicrons is a direct precursor of apoA-IV in plasma HDL but not of that in LDF. On the other hand lymph LDF apoA-IV is an important precursor of plasma LDF apoA-IV. Transfer of apoA-IV from plasma to lymph is negligible, and since most of apoA-IV in lymph is present in LDF, we speculate that LDF apoA-IV is the major apoA-IV secretory product of the intestine. Studies aimed at identifying the site of catabolism of apoA-IV utilizing either radioiodinated of [14C]sucrose labelled apoA-IV, gave results consistent with the view that the liver plays a major role. When tested, human apoA-IV behaved in vivo in rat as the autologous protein. These findings, together with others previously published (Ghiselli, G. et al. (1987) J. Lipid Res. 27, 813-827), support the conclusion that the plasma metabolism of apoA-IV is remarkably similar in rat and human. We speculate that in mammals the rapid plasma catabolism of apoA-IV is mediated by an efficient uptake by the liver.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|State||Published - Nov 6 1989|
- Apolipoprotein A-IV
- Lipoprotein metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas