The authors investigated whether the metabolic syndrome is associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) independently of 10-year coronary heart disease risk assessment by Framingham risk scores (FRS) in asymptomatic white Brazilian men. In a group of 458 men (mean age 46+/-7 years), the 10-year coronary heart disease risk was 9%+/-8%, and the metabolic syndrome and CAC were present in 24% and 41% of the participants, respectively. Compared with those classified as low risk (<10% FRS; n=256), men with FRS of 10% or more had an odds ratio of 4.57 (95% confidence interval, 3.08-6.82; P<.0001) for the presence of any CAC. The prevalence of CAC increased monotonically with the increasing number of metabolic syndrome components (none=29%, 1 or 2=44%, and >or=3=51%, P=.002 for trend). The presence of the metabolic syndrome was associated with an increased risk of CAC: odds ratio, 1.94 (95% CI, 1.05-3.61); however, this finding was significant only in those individuals classified as low risk (FRS <10%). In conclusion, metabolic syndrome is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in Brazilian participants considered at low risk according to FRS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine