Memo interacts with c-Src to control Estrogen Receptor alpha sub-cellular localization

Anna Frei, Gwen MacDonald, Ingrid Lund, Jan Åke Gustafsson, Nancy E. Hynes, Ivan Nalvarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Understanding the complex interaction between growth factor and steroid hormone signaling pathways in breast cancer is key to identifying suitable therapeutic strategies to avoid progression and therapy resistance. The interaction between these two pathways is of paramount importance for the development of endocrine resistance. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms behind their crosstalk are still largely obscure. We previously reported that Memo is a small redox-active protein that controls heregulin-mediated migration of breast cancer cells. Here we report that Memo sits at the intersection between heregulin and estrogen signaling, and that Memo controls Estrogen Receptor alpha (ERα) sub-cellular localization, phosphorylation, and function downstream of heregulin and estrogen in breast cancer cells. Memo facilitates ERa and c-Src interaction, ERa Y537 phosphorylation, and has the ability to control ERa extra-nuclear localization. Thus, we identify Memo as an important key mediator between the heregulin and estrogen signaling pathways, which affects both breast cancer cell migration and proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56170-56182
Number of pages13
Issue number35
StatePublished - 2016


  • ER alpha
  • Estrogen
  • Heregulin
  • Memo1
  • c-Src

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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