Medical spa facilities and nonphysician operators in aesthetics

Alexander Valiga, Christian A. Albornoz, Vida Chitsazzadeh, Jordan V. Wang, Nazanin Saedi, Roy G. Geronemus, Paul M. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Consumer interest in aesthetic procedures continues to grow. Through savvy marketing, affordable pricing, and minimal wait times, medical spas have grown in number to where they now outnumber physician-based cosmetic practices in 73% of major U.S. cities. To staff these facilities, owners frequently turn to nonphysician operators who have variable levels of training in dermatology and cosmetics. There has been a lack of uniform standardization of training and oversight, which may contribute to adverse events, such as burns, pigmentary alterations, and scarring. As the market for noninvasive and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures continues to grow, physicians should be informed about the current cosmetic landscape in which they practice to improve patient awareness, education, and safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
JournalClinics in Dermatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • Cosmetic Techniques
  • Cosmetics
  • Dermatology
  • Esthetics
  • Humans
  • Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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