Mechanisms of rupture of knitted polyester vascular prostheses: An in vitro analysis of virgin prostheses

F. Dieval, Nabil Chakfé, L. Wang, G. Riepe, F. Thaveau, C. Heintz, D. Mathieu, J. F. Le Magnen, J. G. Kretz, B. Durand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Previous explant retrieval studies have shown ruptures occurring on the remeshing line and the guide line of two types of warp-knitted grafts. The aim of our study was to characterize the mechanisms these ruptures. Materials and methods: We performed an in vitro study of the mechanical and chemical characteristics of virgin prostheses. We studied 2 virgin polyester warp-knitted grafts models: the Cooley Double Velour and the Microvel Double Velour constructed by Meadox (USA), using the following techniques: characterization and de-knitting of the textile structure, circumferential tensile strength, filament dynamometry, critical dissolution time of the filaments and scanning electron microscopy. Results: Both prostheses were constructed in the same way but the texturized yarns of the Cooley graft included twice as many filaments (54) than the Microvel (27). There was more adsorbed tension in the Cooley structure than in the Microvel. The circumferential tensile strength test demonstrated that the Cooley graft always ruptured on the remeshing line and the Microvel graft always ruptured at the interface between the remeshing line and the standard line. Filament dynamometry demonstrated a heterogeneous behavior of the filaments inside the yarns, mainly at the remeshing line of the Cooley graft (27.1 cN/tex ± 11.5% versus 26.1 cN/tex ± 2.2% for the guide line and 28 cN/tex ± 6.7% for the standard knit). Critical dissolution time of the filaments was significantly lower for the Microvel grafts (2.5 sec versus 17.2 sec for the Cooley). Conclusions: Rupture of knitted polyester prostheses are probably an underestimated phenomenon. They may occur at specific areas of the graft. Further studies are required to determine whether all grafts of this type are at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-436
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

Keywords

  • Blood vessel prosthesis
  • Degradation
  • Polyester
  • Rupture
  • Vascular grafts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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