Mechanisms of Efficacy of the FGFR1–3 Inhibitor AZD4547 in Pediatric Solid Tumor Models

Nikki Phanhthilath, Sara Hakim, Catherine Su, Andrea Liu, Divya Subramonian, Jacqueline Lesperance, Peter E. Zage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children with aggressive pediatric solid tumors have poor outcomes and novel treatments are needed. Pediatric solid tumors demonstrate aberrant expression and activity of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family, suggesting FGFR inhibitors may be effective therapeutic agents. AZD4547 is a multikinase inhibitor of the FGFR1–3 kinases, and we hypothesized that AZD4547 would be effective in pediatric solid tumor preclinical models. We evaluated the effects of AZD4547 on neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and Ewing sarcoma cells alone and in combination with STAT3 inhibition. Continuous live cell imaging was used to measure induction of apoptosis and effects on migration. Receptor inhibition and intracellular signaling were examined by western blotting. AZD4547 treatment resulted in decreased cell confluence, increased apoptosis and reduced cell migration in all tested cell lines. AZD4547 treatment led to decreased phosphorylation of signaling proteins involved in cell survival and apoptotic pathways and increased phosphorylation of STAT3, and treatment of cell lines with AZD4547 combined with STAT3 inhibition demonstrated increased efficacy. Sensitivity to AZD4547 appears to be mediated by effects on the Ras/MAPK and JAK/STAT pathways, and AZD4547 represents a potential novel therapeutic agent for children with solid tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1677-1686
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • AZD4547
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • FGFR
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • STAT3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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