We studied in five healthy volunteers whether the cholinergic pathway regulated the secretion of gastric intraluminal somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) in response to stimuli of pentagastrin infusion (0.9 μg/kg/h, intravenously) and sham feeding. We measured gastric secretory volume, hydrogen ion output, and SLI at base line, during pentagastrin infusion, after sham feeding, and after applications of atropine (0.0, 0.7, 7.0 μg/kg, intramuscularly) given before pentagastrin and sham feeding. The stimuli were given randomly, at separate times on different days. After each stimulus, eight 15-min gastric juice collections were made; samples were adjusted to pH 7, pepstatin-A and aprotinin were added, and samples were extracted with acetone to determine SLI by radioimmunoassay. Pentagastrin and sham feeding significantly increased gastric luminal SLI secretion, which appeared to correlate with the increases in volume and acid output. Atropine at 7 μg/kg significantly suppressed gastric volume, acid, and SLI outputs stimulated by sham feeding; however, responses to pentagastrin stimulation remained unchanged. To conclude, the cholinergic mechanism regulates gastric intraluminal SLI response to sham feeding but not to pentagastrin infusion.
- Sham feeding
- Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas