6-Methyl-8-iodo-1,3,-dichlorodibenzofuran (I-MCDF) and its radiolabeled analog [125I]MCDF have been synthesized and used to investigate the mechanism of action of 1,3,6,8-substituted dibenzofurans as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) antagonists. Like 6-methyl-1, 3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (MCDF), I-MCDF partially antagonized the induction by TCDD of microsomal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activities in rat hepatoma H-4-II E cells and male Long-Evans rat liver. Incubation of rat liver cytosol with [125I]MCDF followed by velocity sedimentation analysis on sucrose gradients gave a specifically bound peak which sedimented at 9.6 S. This radioactive peak was displaced by coincubation with a 200-fold excess of unlabeled I-MCDF, 6-methyl-1,3,8-trichlorodibenzofuran (MCDF), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TCDF), and benzo [a]pyrene. Based on the velocity sedimentation results and the elution profile from a Sephacryl S-300 gel permeation column, the Stokes radius and apparent molecular weights of the cytosolic [125I]MCDF-Ah receptor complex were 6.5 nm and 259,200, respectively. In addition, the nuclear [125I]MCDF-receptor complex eluted at a salt concentration of 0.29 m KCl from a DNA-Sepharose column. Velocity sediment analysis of the nuclear [125I]MCDF-Ah receptor complex from rat hepatoma H-4-II E cells gave a specifically bound peak at 5.6 ± 0.8 S. All of these properties were similar to those observed using [3H]-TCDD as the radioligand. In addition, there were several ligand-dependent differences observed in the properties of the I-MCDF and TCDD receptor complexes; for example, the [125I]MCDF rat cytosolic receptor complex was unstable in high salt buffer and was poorly transformed into a form with increased binding affinity on DNA-Sepharose columns; Scatchard plot analysis of the saturation binding of [3H]TCDD and [125I]MCDF with rat hepatic cytosol gave KD values of 1.07 and 0.13 nm and Bmax values of 137 and 2.05 fmol/mg protein, respectively. The nuclear extract from rat hepatoma H-4-II E cells treated with I-MCDF or TCDD interacted with a dioxin-responsive element in a gel retardation assay. These results suggest that the mechanism of antagonism may be associated with competition of the antagonist receptor complex for nuclear binding sites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology