Measurement of lipid peroxidation products in rabbit brain and organs (response to aluminum exposure).

R. L. Bertholf, J. R. Nicholson, M. R. Wills, J. Savory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

A method was developed for measuring the concentration of lipid peroxidation products in rabbit brain, heart, lung, liver, and kidney tissue. Specimens were homogenized in cold buffer, acidified, and heated to near boiling in the presence of thiobarbituric acid in order to form the malondialdehyde-thiobarbiturate adduct. After centrifugation, the supernatant was injected onto a reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) column, and the effluent was monitored for absorbance at 532 nm. Absorbances were compared to a standard curve constructed from absorbance data for tetraethoxypropane standards, which yield stoichiometric amounts of the malondialdehyde-thiobarbiturate adduct. Results were expressed as nmol of adduct per gram (dry weight) of tissue. Hippocampus had significantly greater concentrations of lipid peroxidation products (79.0 +/- 15.7 nmol per g) than did brainstem (52.1 +/- 13.8 nmol per g), but there was no significant increase in lipid peroxidation in aluminum treated rabbit brains when compared with controls. Aluminum intoxication appeared, however, to stimulate lipid peroxidation in heart, lung, liver, and kidney. Aluminum accumulation in brain and organ tissue of treated rabbits was confirmed by atomic absorption spectrophotometry of an acid digest of the homogenate. These results are in contrast to previous studies which demonstrated an increase in lipid peroxidation products in rat brains following oral administration of aluminum hydroxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-423
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of clinical and laboratory science
Volume17
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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