Maximizing the recovery of the native p28 bacterial peptide with improved activity and maintained solubility and stability in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)

Haniyeh Abuei, Mohammad Pirouzfar, Anahita Mojiri, Abbas Behzad-Behbahani, Tahereh Kalantari, Peyman Bemani, Ali Farhadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

p28 is a natural bacterial product, which recently has attracted much attention as an efficient cell penetrating peptide (CPP) and a promising anticancer agent. Considering the interesting biological qualities of p28, maximizing its expression appears to be a prominent priority. The optimization of such bioprocesses might be facilitated by utilizing statistical approaches such as Design of Experiment (DoE). In this study, we aimed to maximize the expression of “biologically active” p28 in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) host by harnessing statistical tools and experimental methods. Using Minitab, Plackett-Burman and Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) designs were generated to optimize the conditions for the expression of p28. Each condition was experimentally investigated by assessing the biological activity of the purified p28 in the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. Seven independent variables were investigated, and three of them including ethanol concentration, OD600 of the culture at the time of induction, and the post-induction temperature were demonstrated to significantly affect the p28 expression in E. coli. The cytotoxicity, penetration efficiency, and total process time were measured as dependent variables. The optimized expression conditions were validated experimentally, and the final products were investigated in terms of expression yield, solubility, and stability in vitro. Following the optimization, an 8-fold increase of the concentration of p28 expression was observed. In this study, we suggest an optimized combination of effective factors to produce soluble p28 in the E. coli host, a protocol that results in the production of a significantly high amount of the biologically active peptide with retained solubility and stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106560
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume200
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • CPP
  • DoE
  • E. coli BL21 (DE3)
  • MCF-7
  • Optimization
  • p28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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