Maternal and perinatal factors are associated with risk of pediatric central nervous system tumors and poorer survival after diagnosis

Maral Adel Fahmideh, Erin C. Peckham-Gregory, Jeremy M. Schraw, Murali Chintagumpala, Stephen C. Mack, Philip J. Lupo, Michael E. Scheurer

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3 Scopus citations


Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common solid tumors in children. Findings on the role of maternal and perinatal factors on the susceptibility or outcome of these tumors are inconclusive. Therefore, we investigated the association between these early-life factors, risk, and survival of pediatric CNS tumors, using data from one of the world’s largest and most diverse cancer registries. Information on pediatric CNS tumor cases (n = 1950) for the period 1995–2011 was obtained from the Texas Cancer Registry. Birth certificate controls were frequency-matched on birth year at a ratio of 10:1 for the same period. Evaluated maternal and perinatal variables were obtained from birth records. Unconditional logistic regression was used to generate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for etiological factors. Additionally, Cox proportional hazards regression was employed to assess adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for survival factors. The results indicated that Hispanic and non-Hispanic black mothers were less likely to have children with CNS tumors compared to non-Hispanic white mothers (OR 0.88 [95% CI 0.78–0.98] P-value = 0.019; OR 0.79 [95% CI 0.67–0.93 P-value = 0.004], respectively). Infants born large for gestational age (OR 1.26 [95% CI 1.07–1.47] P-value = 0.004) and those delivered pre-term (OR 1.19 [95% CI 1.04–1.38] P-value = 0.013) showed an increased risk of CNS tumors. Infants born by vaginal forceps or vacuum delivery had a higher risk of CNS tumors compared to those born by spontaneous vaginal delivery (OR 1.35 [95% CI 1.12–1.62] P-value = 0.002). Additionally, offspring of Hispanic and non-Hispanic black mothers showed a higher risk of death (HR 1.45 [95% CI 1.16–1.80] P-value = 0.001; HR 1.53 [95% CI 1.12–2.09] P-value = 0.008, respectively). Infants born by cesarean had a higher risk of death compared to those delivered vaginally (HR 1.28 [95% CI 1.05–1.57] P-value = 0.016). These findings indicate the important role of maternal and perinatal characteristics in the etiology and survival of these clinically significant malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10410
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 17 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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