Mapping FACT-melanoma quality-of-life scores to EQ-5D health utility weights

Robert L. Askew, Richard J. Swartz, Yan Xing, Scott B. Cantor, Merrick I. Ross, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, J. Lynn Palmer, Jeffrey E. Lee, Janice N. Cormier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Objectives: We sought to develop a mapping function from functional assessment of cancer therapy-melanoma (FACT-M) quality of life scores to the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) utility scores. Methods: FACT-M and EQ-5D scores were collected during a prospective study of melanoma-related quality of life at a tertiary cancer care center in the United States. The study sample was divided into development and validation datasets with equal distributions by cancer stage and treatment status. Censored Least Absolute Deviation (CLAD) and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression analyses were performed using the developmental dataset to derive mapping functions, and model performance was examined through comparisons of residuals and measures of fit in the validation dataset. Exploratory analyses examined the predictive ability of clinical factors and individual subscales. Results: Of 273 patients, 75 were undergoing treatment with 198 in follow-up surveillance. Relatively even distributions were observed by melanoma stage: I/II (n = 102), III (n = 100), and IV (n = 71). OLS regression resulted in a mapping function of EQ-5D = 0.0037 (*)FACT-M+0.2238 with an R2 0.499. CLAD regression resulted in a mapping function of EQ-5D = 0.0042 (*)FACT-M+0.1648 with pseudo R 2 0.328. When applied to the validation dataset, correlations between observed and predicted values resulted in identical coefficients (r = 0.824, P < 0.001). Though the mapping functions were similar, residuals were smaller at the 20th, 40th, and 60th percentiles using the OLS model. The CLAD derived mapping function resulted in smaller residuals only for patients whose EQ-5D = 1. Conclusions: The OLS mapping function demonstrated better predictive ability and will facilitate the derivation of utilities when direct population preference measures are not available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)900-906
Number of pages7
JournalValue in Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • EQ-5D
  • functional assessment of cancer therapy
  • health-state utility
  • melanoma
  • quality of life
  • questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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