Insulin remains the mainstay of treatment for inpatient hyperglycemia in the United States and Canada. However, some other countries commonly use noninsulin agents such as metformin and sulfonylureas, and several trials have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of incretin-based agents in patients with type 2 diabetes who are admitted to noncritical care medicine and surgery services. There is a high degree of interest in alternative glucose-lowering strategies to achieve favorable glycemic outcomes with lower risks of hypoglycemia. In this case series, we highlight the challenges of inpatient glycemic management and the need for alternatives to the traditional basal-bolus insulin regi-men. Additional investigation will be imperative to validate the safety and efficacy of appropriate insulin and noninsu-lin treatments and to further develop guidelines that are applicable in real-world hospital settings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism