Management of brain metastasis: Past lessons, modern management, and future considerations

Eugene Koay, Erik P. Sulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain metastasis is a major challenge for patients, physicians, and the broader health care system, with approximately 170,000 new cases per year. After a diagnosis of brain metastasis, patients have a poor prognosis, but modern management has made significant advances in the past two decades to improve palliative efficacy and patient survival through a multidisciplinary approach. A number of factors must be taken into consideration in the treatment approach, including the number of intracranial lesions, the control of extracranial disease, and the patient's overall health, while weighing the benefits of treatment against the toxicities, both acute and chronic. With quality of life as an emphasis, emerging concepts for modern management of brain metastasis have sought to minimize long-term toxicities. The economic impact of such strategies for patients and the health care system has been demonstrated in some studies, but has not been a consistent area of focus. Each of these strategies, as well as novel therapeutics, has embraced the concept of personalized treatment. This review will discuss the current knowledge of modern multidisciplinary management of brain metastasis and look forward to emerging concepts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Oncology Reports
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Brain metastasis
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Radiation
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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