LXRβ is required for adipocyte growth, glucose homeostasis, and β cell function

Isabelle Gerin, Vernon W. Dolinsky, Jonathan G. Shackman, Robert T. Kennedy, Shian Huey Chiang, Charles F. Burant, Knut R. Steffensen, Jan Åke Gustafsson, Ormond A. MacDougald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver X receptors (LXR) α and β are nuclear oxysterol receptors with established roles in cholesterol, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolism. Although LXRs have been extensively studied in liver and macrophages, the importance for development and metabolism of other tissues and cell types is not as well characterized. We demonstrate here that although LXRα and LXRβ are not required for adipocyte development per se, LXRβ is required for the increase in adipocyte size that normally occurs with aging and diet-induced obesity. Similar food intake and oxygen consumption in LXRβ-/- mice suggests that reduced storage of lipid in adipose tissue is not due to altered energy balance. Despite reduced amounts of adipose tissue, LXRβ-/- mice on a chow diet have insulin sensitivity and levels of adipocyte hormones similar to wild type mice. However, these mice are glucose-intolerant due to impaired glucose-induced insulin secretion. Lipid droplets in pancreatic islets may result from accumulation of cholesterol esters as analysis of islet gene expression reveals that LXRβ is required for expression of the cholesterol transporters, ABCA1 and ABCG1. Our data establish novel roles for LXRβ in adipocyte growth, glucose homeostasis, and β cell function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23024-23031
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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