The RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs) are critical for protection against RNA virus infection, and their activities must be stringently controlled to maintain immune homeostasis. Here, we report that leucine-rich repeat containing protein 25 (LRRC25) is a key negative regulator of RLR-mediated type I interferon (IFN) signaling. Upon RNA virus infection, LRRC25 specifically binds to ISG15-associated RIG-I to promote interaction between RIG-I and the autophagic cargo receptor p62 and to mediate RIG-I degradation via selective autophagy. Depletion of either LRRC25 or ISG15 abrogates RIG-I-p62 interaction as well as the autophagic degradation of RIG-I. Collectively, our findings identify a previously unrecognized role of LRRC25 in type I IFN signaling activation by which LRRC25 acts as a secondary receptor to assist RIG-I delivery to autophagosomes for degradation in a p62-dependent manner.
- selective autophagy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)