Background: Data on longterm outcomes after liver transplantation with partial grafts are limited. We compared 10-year outcomes for liver transplant patients who received whole grafts (WLT), split grafts from deceased donors (SLT), and partial grafts from living donors (LDLT). Study Design: We conducted a single-center analysis of 2,988 liver transplantations performed between August 1993 and May 2006 with median followup of 5 years. Graft types included 2,717 whole-liver, 181 split-liver, and 90 living-donor partial livers. Split-liver grafts included 109 left lateral and 72 extended right partial livers. Living-donor grafts included 49 left lateral and 41 right partial livers. Results: The 10-year patient survivals for WLT, SLT, and LDLT were 72%, 69%, and 83%, respectively (p = 0.11), and those for graft survival were 62%, 55%, and 65%, respectively (p = 0.088). There were differences in outcomes between adults and children when compared separately by graft types. In adults, 10-year patient survival was significantly lower for split extended right liver graft compared with adult whole liver and living-donor right liver graft (57% versus 72% versus 75%, respectively, p = 0.03). Graft survival for adults was similar for all graft types. Retransplantation, recipient age older than 60 years, donor age older than 45 years, split extended right liver graft, and cold ischemia time > 10 hours were predictors of diminished patient survival outcomes. In children, the 10-year patient and graft survivals were similar for all graft types. Conclusions: Longterm graft survival rates in both adults and children for segmental grafts from deceased and living donors are comparable with those in whole organ liver transplantation. In adults, patient survival was lower for split compared with whole grafts when used in retransplantations and in critically ill recipients. Split graft-to-recipient matching is crucial for optimal organ allocation and best use of a scarce and precious resource.
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