Longitudinal neuroimaging evaluation of the corticospinal tract in patients with stroke treated with autologous bone marrow cells

Muhammad E. Haque, Khader M. Hasan, Sarah George, Clark Sitton, Seth Boren, Octavio D. Arevalo, Farhaan Vahidy, Xu Zhang, Charles S. Cox, Susan Alderman, Jaroslaw Aronowski, James C. Grotta, Sean I. Savitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNCs) attenuate secondary degeneration and enhance recovery in stroke animal models. In a nonrandomized clinical trial, we imaged 37 patients with stroke: 17 patients treated with MNCs (treated) and 20 patients who received standard of care (nontreated) at 1, 3, and 12 months onset of stroke on 3.0T MRI system. Three-dimensional anatomical and diffusion tensor images were obtained. The integrity of the corticospinal tract was assessed by measuring absolute and relative fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) in the rostral pons (RP), posterior limb of the internal capsule, and corona radiata by drawing regions of interest. Infarct volume and stroke severity, which was assessed via the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS), were higher in the MNC group compared with the nontreated patients, which is a major limitation. Overall, the relative FA (rFA) of the nontreated patients exhibited continued reduction and an increase in relative MD (rMD) from 1 to 12 months, whereas despite larger infarcts and higher severity, treated patients displayed an increase in rFA from 3 to 12 months and no change in rMD. Contrary to the nontreated group, the treated patients' rFA was also significantly correlated (P <.05) with NIHSS score in the RP at all time points, whereas rMD at the last two.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cell therapy
  • corticospinal tract
  • diffusion tensor imaging
  • ischemic stroke
  • serial neuroimaging study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal neuroimaging evaluation of the corticospinal tract in patients with stroke treated with autologous bone marrow cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this