Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic progressive disease that leads to right heart failure and death. Pulmonary arterial capacitance (PAC), defined as stroke volume divided by the pulmonary pulse pressure, has been identified as a prognostic factor in PAH. The impact of changes in PAC over time, however, is unclear. We evaluated changes in PAC over time to determine if such changes predicted transplant-free survival. A single-center retrospective study of consecutive group 1 PAH patients who had two or more right heart catheterizations (RHC) between January 2007 and June 2016 was undertaken. Hemodynamic data, clinical data, and outcomes were collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards modelling to identify the contribution of risk factors for a composite outcome of death or lung transplantation was done. Mixed-effects logistic regression was performed to investigate the association between the change in PAC value over time and the composite outcome. A P value<0.05 was considered significant. In total, 109 consecutive patients with a total of 300 RHC data were identified. PAC correlated inversely with functional status (P<0.001) and inversely with pulmonary vascular resistance (P<0.001). PAC values increased with the addition of new PAH-specific medications. Mixed effects logistic regression modeling using longitudinal data showed that a decrease in PAC over the study period was associated with increased mortality and transplantation (adjusted P=0.039) over the study period. Change in PAC was a better predictor of outcome over the study period than baseline PAC or changes in other hemodynamic or clinical parameters. Decreases in PAC were predictive of increased mortality or transplantation in patients with group 1 PAH. There was a trend towards increased PAC in response to the addition of a PAH-specific medication. Our data support the use of PAC as a therapeutic target in PAH.
- Pulmonary arterial capacitance
- Pulmonary arterial hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine