Background: Statins are the agents of choice in reducing elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Hypothesis: Cerivastatin 0.8 mg has greater long-term efficacy in reducing LDL-C than pravastatin 40 mg in primary hypercholesterolemia. Methods: In this double-blind, parallel-group, 52-week study, patients (n = 1,170) were randomized (4:1:1) to cerivastatin 0.8 mg, cerivastatin 0.4 mg, or placebo daily. After 8 weeks, placebo was switched to pravastatin 40 mg. Patients with insufficient LDL-C lowering after 24 weeks were allowed open-labeled resin therapy. Results: Cerivastatin 0.8 mg reduced LDL-C versus cerivastatin 0.4 mg (40.8 vs. 33.6%, p<0.0001) or pravastatin 40 mg (31.5%, p<0.0001), and brought 81.8% of all patients, and 54.1% of patients with atherosclerotic disease, to National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) goals. Cerivastatin 0.8 mg improved mean total C (-29.0%), triglycerides (-18.3%), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (+9.7%) (all p≤0.013 vs. pravastatin 40 mg). Higher baseline triglycerides were associated with greater reductions in triglycerides and elevations in HDL-C with cerivastatin. Cerivastatin was well tolerated; the most commonly reported adverse events were arthralgia, headache, pharyngitis, and rhinitis. Symptomatic creatine kinase >10 times; the upper limit of normal (ULN) occurred in 1, 1.5, and 0% of patients receiving cerivastatin 0.8 mg, cerivastatin 0.4 mg, and pravastatin 40 mg, respectively. Repeat hepatic transaminases >3× ULN occurred in 0.3-0.5, 0.5, and 0% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: In long-term use, cerivastatin 0.8 mg effectively and safely brings the majority of patients to NCEP goal.
- Low-density lipoprotein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine