Long-term complications of platinum in testicular cancer survivors

J H Oh, D D Baum, J Ensor, S Pham, M D Muddiman, S Nguyen, I Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

4589 Background: Long-term medical complications of platinum have become a major priority in the care of testicular cancer survivors. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of these complications from platinum-based therapy in American testicular cancer survivors.

METHODS: Testicular cancer survivors with no evidence of disease for at least 2 years were interviewed, had lab tests, and charts reviewed. Demographics, comorbidities, blood pressure, treatment, and outcomes were compared between all treatment modalities. NHANES 2002 and NHIS 2004 were used to obtain national estimates.

RESULTS: The mean age was 41 years; 72.7 % had nonseminoma, 96.5% had orchiectomy, 21.0% received radiation (XRT), and 82.5% platinum. The mean follow-up was 8.4 years. There was no statistical difference in the rates of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), hyperlipidemia, hypertension (HTN), renal insufficiency (RI), or hypomagnesemia (see table ). There was a trend toward an increase in hyperlipidemia at follow-up compared to initial visit in all treatment groups but HTN increased only in those who did not receive platinum.

CONCLUSION: Excluding HTN, we observed a trend toward an increase in the prevalence of RI, hypomagnesemia, hyperlipidemia, and CAD among patients who received platinum when compared to their baseline rates. Similar to a recent study by Huddart et al, we saw a trend toward higher risk of developing CAD in those who received both platinum and XRT. These findings suggest that hyperlipidemia and HTN may be more related to orchiectomy or the germ cell tumor itself than being a complication of platinum. Further prospective cohort studies with a larger group of survivors who have not received platinum are warranted to determine if HTN and hyperlipidemia are true complications of platinum-based chemotherapy. [Table: see text] No significant financial relationships to disclose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4589
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume24
Issue number18_suppl
StatePublished - Jun 20 2006

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