Logic-embedded vectors for intracellular partitioning, endosomal escape, and exocytosis of nanoparticles

Rita E. Serda, Aaron MacK, Anne L. Van De Ven, Silvia Ferrati, Kenneth Dunner, Biana Godin, Ciro Chiappini, Matthew Landry, Louis Brousseau, Xuewu Liu, Andrew J. Bean, Mauro Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new generation of nanocarriers, logic-embedded vectors (LEVs), is endowed with the ability to localize components at multiple intracellular sites, thus creating an opportunity for synergistic control of redundant or dual-hit pathways. LEV encoding elements include size, shape, charge, and surface chemistry. In this study, LEVs consist of porous silicon nanocarriers, programmed for cellular uptake and trafficking along the endosomal pathway, and surface-tailored iron oxide nanoparticles, programmed for endosomal sorting and partitioning of particles into unique cellular locations. In the presence of persistent endosomal localization of silicon nanocarriers, amine-functionalized nanoparticles are sorted into multiple vesicular bodies that form novel membrane-bound compartments compatible with cellular secretion, while chitosan-coated nanoparticles escape from endosomes and enter the cytosol. Encapsulation within the porous silicon matrix protects these nanoparticle surface-tailored properties, and enhances endosomal escape of chitosan-coated nanoparticles. Thus, LEVs provide a mechanism for shielded transport of nanoparticles to the lesion, cellular manipulation at multiple levels, and a means for targeting both within and between cells. Logic-embedded vectors (LEVs) are multiparticle drug-delivery systems with the ability to localize components at multiple intracellular sites. LEVs consisting of porous silicon nanocarriers and iron oxide nanoparticles are internalized by phagocytosis and undergo intracellular partitioning to diverse intracellular locations, which include the cytosol and membrane-bound compartments compatible with cellular secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2691-2700
Number of pages10
JournalSmall
Volume6
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2010

Keywords

  • cells
  • drug delivery
  • intracellular partitioning
  • nanoparticles
  • vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine(all)

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