This study examines the effect of antisense oligonucleotide to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) on the formation of vein graft intimal hyperplasia in vivo, using localized administration. Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits had a right carotid interposition bypass graft using the external jugular vein and were sacrificed on the 28th postoperative day. To determine the effect of PCNA on the development of intimal hyperplasia, 6 animals had their grafts coated with a pluronic gel containing 18 base antisense oligonucleotide to PCNA (1 mg/ml), 6 received a pluronic gel containing an 18 base nonsense oligonucleotide (1 mg/ml), and 12 animals were controls (6 with and 6 without pluronic gel). These grafts were harvested for morphology and videomorphometry. There was no change in the intimal thickness between the control and gel-treated groups. (70 ± 4 μm versus 72 ± 4 μm; mean ± s.e.m.; p = ns). The presence of nonsense oligonucleotide had no further effect. Antisense PCNA produced a 26% decrease in intimal thickness to 50 ± 4 μm in the treated vein grafts (p < 0.03) without a change in medial thickness. This study shows that a local single application of antisense oligonucleotide to PCNA will reduce the intimal hyperplasia in experimental vein grafts over 28 days.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine