Liver x receptors regulate de novo lipogenesis in a tissue-specific manner in c57bl/6 female mice

Marion Korach-André, Amena Archer, Chiara Gabbi, Rodrigo P. Barros, Matteo Pedrelli, Knut R. Steffensen, Amanda T. Pettersson, Jurga Laurencikiene, Paolo Parini, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The liver X receptors (LXRs) play a key role in cholesterol and bile acid metabolism but are also important regulators of glucose metabolism. Recently, LXRs have been proposed as a glucose sensor affecting LXR-dependent gene expression. We challenged wild-type (WT) and LXRαβ- mice with a normal diet (ND) or a high-carbohydrate diet (HCD). Magnetic resonance imaging showed different fat distribution between WT and LXRαβ- mice. Surprisingly, gonadal (GL) adipocyte volume decreased on HCD compared with ND in WT mice, whereas it slightly increased in LXRαβ- mice. Interestingly, insulin-stimulated lipogenesis of isolated GL fat cells was reduced on HCD compared with ND in LXRαβ- mice, whereas no changes were observed in WT mice. Net de novo lipogenesis (DNL) calculated from VO2 and VCO2 was significantly higher in LXRαβ- than in WT mice on HCD. Histology of HCD-fed livers showed hepatic steatosis in WT mice but not in LXRαβ- mice. Glucose tolerance was not different between groups, but insulin sensitivity was decreased by the HCD in WT but not in LXRαβ- mice. Finally, gene expression analysis of adipose tissue showed induced expression of genes involved in DNL in LXRαβ- mice compared with WT animals as opposed to the liver, where expression of DNL genes was repressed in LXRαβ- mice. We thus conclude that absence of LXRs stimulates DNL in adipose tissue, but suppresses DNL in the liver, demonstrating opposite roles of LXR in DNL regulation in these two tissues. These results show tissue-specific regulation of LXR activity, a crucial finding for drug development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E210-E222
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume301
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Energy regulation
  • High carbohydrate
  • Insulin resistance
  • Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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