Liver transplantation remains the treatment of choice for many forms of end-stage liver disease. In most large series, 5-year actuarial survival is greater than 70%. The majority of the morbidity and mortality occurs in the first 6 months posttransplant; as these figures have improved, so have overall survival rates. Infants under 1 year of age have a survival rate below that of older patients; in addition, a severe organ shortage for these patients continues. The use of reduced grafts has ameliorated the problem to a certain extent; however, further expansion of the donor pool is still necessary. Progress has also been made in the postoperative management of transplant patients. We currently follow AKBR and TNF levels in all patients to aid in the diagnosis of primary nonfunction and acute rejection, respectively. The introduction of additional immunosuppressive agents has instigated several large clinical trials. CsA, however, remains the gold standard to which these drugs must be compared.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1991|
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