Leveraging the electronic health records for population health: A case study of patients with markedly elevated blood pressure

Yuan Lu, Chenxi Huang, Shiwani Mahajan, Wade L. Schulz, Khurram Nasir, Erica S. Spatz, Harlan M. Krumholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The digital transformation of medical data provides opportunities to perform digital population health surveillance and identify people inadequately managed in usual care. We leveraged the electronic health records of a large health system to identify patients with markedly elevated blood pressure and characterize their follow-up care pattern. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 373 861 patients aged 18 to 85 years, who had at least 1 outpatient encounter in the Yale New Haven Health System between January 2013 and December 2017. We described the prevalence and follow-up pattern of patients with at least 1 systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥100 mm Hg and patients with at least 1 SBP ≥180 mm Hg or DBP ≥120 mm Hg. Of 373 861 patients included, 56 909 (15.2%) had at least 1 SBP ≥160 mm Hg or DBP ≥100 mm Hg, and 10 476 (2.8%) had at least 1 SBP ≥180 mm Hg or DBP ≥120 mm Hg. Among patients with SBP ≥160 mm Hg or DBP ≥100 mm Hg, only 28.3% had a follow visit within 1 month (time window of follow-up recommended by the guideline) and 19.9% subsequently achieved control targets (SBP <130 mm Hg and DBP <80 mm Hg) within 6 months. Follow-up rate at 1 month and control rate at 6 months for patients with SBP ≥180 mm Hg or DBP ≥120 mm Hg was 31.9% and 17.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Digital population health surveillance with an electronic health record identified a large number of patients with markedly elevated blood pressure and inadequate follow-up. Many of these patients subsequently failed to achieve control targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere015033
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2020

Keywords

  • Electronic health records
  • High blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Quality of care
  • Risk factor
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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