Lessons learned over a decade of pediatric robotic ureteral reimplantation

Minki Baek, Chester J. Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The da Vinci robotic system has improved surgeon dexterity, ergonomics, and visualization to allow for a minimally invasive option for complex reconstructive procedures in children. Over the past decade, robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) has become a viable minimally invasive surgical option for pediatric vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, higher-thanexpected complication rates and suboptimal reflux resolution rates at some centers have also been reported. The heterogeneity of surgical outcomes may arise from the inherent and underestimated complexity of the RALUR procedure that may justify its reclassification as a complex reconstructive procedure and especially for robotic surgeons early in their learning curve. Currently, no consensus exists on the role of RALUR for the surgical management of VUR. High success rates and low major complication rates are the expected norm for the current gold standard surgical option of open ureteral reimplantation. Similar to how robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has gradually replaced open surgery as the most utilized option for prostatectomy in prostate cancer patients, RALUR may become a higher utilized surgical option in children with VUR if the adoption of standardized surgical techniques that have been associated with optimal outcomes can be adopted during the second decade of RALUR. A future standard of RALUR for children with VUR whose parents seek a minimally invasive surgical option can arise if widespread achievement of high success rates and low major complication rates can be obtained, similar to the replacement of open surgery with robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostectomy as the new strandard for men with prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigative and Clinical Urology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Child
  • Laparoscopy
  • Robotics
  • Urologic surgical procedures
  • Vesico-ureteral reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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