Less opioid consumption with enhanced recovery after surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF): A comparison to standard minimally-invasive TLIF

Hsuan Kan Chang, Meng Huang, Jau Ching Wu, Wen Cheng Huang, Michael Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is relatively new to the neurosurgical field. The introduction of an ERAS protocol in lumbar fusion surgery has aimed to accelerate patient recovery from surgery by reducing in-hospital opioid consumption. Methods: Patients with 1-or 2-level degenerative lumbar spine disease and who underwent ERAS transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) were retrospectively reviewed. Pa-tients’ general demographic data, in-hospital opioid dosage (converted to morphine equiva-lents), and hospital stay were compared to those who underwent standard minimally-inva-sive (MIS)-TLIF. Results: Twenty-four patients who received ERAS TLIF (the ERAS group) were compared to a series of 24 patients who received standard MIS-TLIF (the MIS group). The demographic data were similar. The operation time and blood loss significantly favored ERAS TLIF. The average daily opioid consumption was remarkably lower in the ERAS group than the MIS group. Average opioid dosage throughout the entire in-hospital period was also significantly reduced in the ERAS group compared to the MIS group. The average length of hospital stay was substantially shorter in the ERAS group (1.4 ± 1.13 days vs. 4.0±1.98 days, p<0.001). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a significant decline in the consumption of opioids and in the hospital length of stay for patients undergoing ERAS TLIF for 1-or 2-level degenerative lumbar spine disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalNeurospine
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Awake fusion
  • Endoscopic discectomy and fusion
  • Enhanced recovery after surgery
  • Expandable cage
  • Minimally invasive
  • Transforaminal lumbainterbody fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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