Left Ventricular Diastolic Function: Understanding Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Prognosis With Echocardiography

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Left ventricular diastolic function plays an important role in determining left ventricular filling and stroke volume. Abnormal diastolic function has been recognized in many cardiovascular diseases and is associated with worse outcomes, including total mortality and hospitalizations due to heart failure. Using echocardiography, it is possible to diagnose the presence of diastolic dysfunction and the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved as they affect left ventricular and left atrial structure and function. This review addresses the role of echocardiography in understanding the pathophysiology of diastolic dysfunction, its diagnosis, and utility in predicting outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-244
Number of pages17
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Doppler
  • diastole
  • echocardiography
  • filling pressure
  • left atrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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