Learning to invert: Signal recovery via Deep Convolutional Networks

Ali Mousavi, Richard G. Baraniuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

The promise of compressive sensing (CS) has been offset by two significant challenges. First, real-world data is not exactly sparse in a fixed basis. Second, current high-performance recovery algorithms are slow to converge, which limits CS to either non-real-time applications or scenarios where massive back-end computing is available. In this paper, we attack both of these challenges head-on by developing a new signal recovery framework we call DeepInverse that learns the inverse transformation from measurement vectors to signals using a deep convolutional network. When trained on a set of representative images, the network learns both a representation for the signals (addressing challenge one) and an inverse map approximating a greedy or convex recovery algorithm (addressing challenge two). Our experiments indicate that the DeepInverse network closely approximates the solution produced by state-of-the-art CS recovery algorithms yet is hundreds of times faster in run time. The tradeoff for the ultrafast run time is a computationally intensive, off-line training procedure typical to deep networks. However, the training needs to be completed only once, which makes the approach attractive for a host of sparse recovery problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2272-2276
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509041176
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2017 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Mar 5 2017Mar 9 2017

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Other

Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2017
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period3/5/173/9/17

Keywords

  • Compressive Sensing
  • Convolutional Neural Networks
  • Deep Learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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