Late Safety, Efficacy, and Cost-Effectiveness of a Zotarolimus-Eluting Stent Compared With a Paclitaxel-Eluting Stent in Patients With De Novo Coronary Lesions. 2-Year Follow-Up From the ENDEAVOR IV Trial

Martin B. Leon, David E. Kandzari, Eric L. Eisenstein, Kevin J. Anstrom, Laura Mauri, Donald E. Cutlip, Eugenia Nikolsky, Charles O'Shaughnessy, Paul A. Overlie, Ajay J. Kirtane, Brent T. McLaurin, Stuart L. Solomon, John S. Douglas, Jeffrey J. Popma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess, after 2 years of follow-up, the safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness of a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) compared with a paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in patients with native coronary lesions. Background: Early drug-eluting stents were associated with a small but significant incidence of very late stent thrombosis (VLST), occurring >1 year after the index procedure. The ZES has shown encouraging results in clinical trials. Methods: The ENDEAVOR IV trial (Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Medtronic Endeavor Drug [ABT-578] Eluting Coronary Stent System Versus the Taxus Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System in De Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions), a randomized (1:1), single-blind, controlled trial (n = 1,548) compared ZES versus PES in patients with single de novo coronary lesions. Two-year follow-up was obtained in 96.0% of ZES and 95.4% of PES patients. The primary end point was target vessel failure (TVF), and safety end points included Academic Research Consortium-defined stent thrombosis. Economic end points analyzed included quality-adjusted survival, medical costs, and relative cost-effectiveness of ZES and PES. Results: The TVF at 2 years was similar in ZES and PES patients (11.1% vs. 13.1%, p = 0.232). There were fewer myocardial infarctions (MIs) in ZES patients (p = 0.022), due to fewer periprocedural non-Q-wave MIs and fewer late MIs between 1 and 2 years. Late MIs were associated with increased VLST (PES: 6 vs. ZES: 1; p = 0.069). Target lesion revascularization was similar comparing ZES with PES (5.9% vs. 4.6%; p = 0.295), especially in patients without planned angiographic follow-up (5.2% vs. 4.9%; p = 0.896). The cost-effectiveness of ZES and PES was similar. Conclusions: After 2 years of follow-up, ZES demonstrated efficacy and cost-effectiveness comparable to PES, with fewer MIs and a trend toward less VLST. (The ENDEAVOR IV Clinical Trial: A Trial of a Coronary Stent System in Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00217269).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1208-1218
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • angioplasty
  • coronary disease
  • drug-eluting stent
  • revascularization
  • stent thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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