Language and executive function in self-reported impulsive aggression

Nicole R. Villemarette-Pittman, Matthew S. Stanford, Kevin W. Greve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study employed a battery of verbal tests that included a broad range of executive demands to demonstrate the differential contributions of language and executive function to the performance decrement observed in individuals who display impulsive aggressive (IA) outbursts. A profile analysis revealed that despite not differing on tasks requiring limited verbal output, the IAs deviated further from nonaggressive controls as the tasks required increasing spontaneous organization. Results suggest that language ability per se is not impaired in IAs; rather inefficient executive functioning is responsible for their significantly poorer performance on complex verbal tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1533-1544
Number of pages12
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Discourse analysis
  • Executive function
  • Impulsiveness
  • Language
  • Verbal ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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