Lack of a major role of Staphylococcus aureus Panton-Valentine leukocidin in lower respiratory tract infection in nonhuman primates

Randall J. Olsen, Scott D. Kobayashi, Ara A. Ayeras, Madiha Ashraf, Shawna F. Graves, Willie Ragasa, Tammy Humbird, Jamieson L. Greaver, Constance Cantu, Jody L. Swain, Leslie Jenkins, Terry Blasdel, Philip T. Cagle, Donald J. Gardner, Frank R. Deleo, James M. Musser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is a two-component cytolytic toxin epidemiologically linked to community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections, including serious invasive infections caused by the epidemic clone referred to as strain USA300. Although PVL has long been known to be a S. aureus virulence molecule in vitro, the relative contribution of this leukotoxin to invasive CA-MRSA infections such as pneumonia remains controversial. We developed a nonhuman primate model of CA-MRSA pneumonia and used it to test the hypothesis that PVL contributes to lower respiratory tract infections caused by S. aureus strain USA300. The lower respiratory tract disease observed in this monkey model mimicked the clinical and pathological features of early mild to moderate S. aureus pneumonia in humans, including fine-structure histopathology. In this experiment using a large sample of monkeys and multiple time points of examination, no involvement of PVL in virulence could be detected. Compared with the wild-type parental USA300 strain, the isogenic PVL deletion-mutant strain caused equivalent lower respiratory tract pathology. We conclude that PVL does not contribute to lower respiratory tract infection in this nonhuman primate model of human CA-MRSA pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1346-1354
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume176
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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