Laboratory-confirmed rotavirus disease in Utah children: Clinical and economic impact of rotavirus vaccination

Angel Herrera Guerra, Chris Stockmann, Andrew T. Pavia, Adam L. Hersh, Emily A. Thorell, Hsin Yi Weng, Kent Korgenski, Carrie L. Byington, Krow Ampofo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Rotavirus is the most common cause of infectious diarrhea in children worldwide. Recent studies have described changes in the burden of all-cause gastroenteritis; however, there are limited data on the clinical and economic impact of rotavirus vaccine on cases of laboratory-confirmed rotavirus disease. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of laboratory-confirmed rotavirus disease from July 2003 through June 2010 at a children's hospital and a community hospital in Utah. Demographics and hospital costs for children <5 years with rotavirus symptoms and a positive rotavirus enzyme immunoassay test on a stool specimen were abstracted from electronic medical records. We compared the prevaccine period (2003-2007) with the postvaccine period (2008-2010). Results. The overall incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis declined in the postvaccine period, from 26.6 to 5.2 cases per 10 000 person-years for Salt Lake County residents. The largest decrease in the incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis was among children <12 months (-87%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 79-93). Older children (12-23 months) also experienced significant decreases (-81%; 95% CI, 72-88), as did those 24-59 months (-61%; 95% CI, 51-71). In 2009, 3 years after rotavirus vaccine introduction, there was a 79% decrease in emergency department visits and a 78% decrease in hospitalizations across both hospitals. The cost of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for rotavirus gastroenteritis decreased by 79% and 72%, respectively, resulting in annual savings of $790 000 at a children's hospital and $140 000 at a community hospital. Conclusion. Rotavirus vaccination in infants has dramatically decreased the clinical burden and direct medical costs of rotavirus gastroenteritis in both infants and young children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberpis058
Pages (from-to)268-277
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Acute gastroenteritis
  • Hospital costs
  • Immunization
  • Incidence
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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