Kidney transplantation from donors with rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure

Chuan Bao Chen, Yi Tao Zheng, Jian Zhou, Ming Han, Xiao Ping Wang, Xiao Peng Yuan, Chang Xi Wang, Xiao Shun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhabdomyolysis in deceased donors usually causes acute renal failure (ARF), which may be considered a contraindication for kidney transplantation. From January 2012 to December 2016, 30 kidneys from 15 deceased donors with severe rhabdomyolysis and ARF were accepted for transplantation at our center. The peak serum creatinine (SCr) kinase, myoglobin, and SCr of the these donors were 15 569±8597 U/L, 37 092±42 100 μg/L, and 422±167 μmol/L, respectively. Two donors received continuous renal replacement therapy due to anuria. Six kidneys exhibited a discolored appearance (from brown to glossy black) due to myoglobin casts. The kidney transplant results from the donors with rhabdomyolysis donors were compared with those of 90 renal grafts from standard criteria donors (SCD). The estimated glomerular filtration rate at 2 years was similar between kidney transplants from donors with rhabdomyolysis and SCD (70.3±14.6 mL/min/1.73 m2 vs 72.3±15.1 mL/min/1.73 m2). We conclude that excellent graft function can be achieved from kidneys donors with ARF caused by rhabdomyolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13021
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • acute kidney injury
  • kidney transplantation
  • organ donation
  • rhabdomyolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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