Kidney transplant in highly sensitized patients after desensitization with plasmapheresis and low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin

Xiao peng Yuan, Chang xi Wang, Wei Gao, Qian Fu, Xiaoshun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of plasmapheresis plus low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin in highly sensitized patients waiting for a deceased-donor renal transplant. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five highly sensitized patients (HLA class I panel reactive antibody > 50%) received plasmapheresis, plus low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment. In 25 patients (group 1), a positive T- and/or B-cell cytotoxicity crossmatch was rendered negative by plasmapheresis, plus low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin treatment. Two patients did not receive renal transplants owing to persistent positive crossmatch. Eight patients already had a negative crossmatch before desensitization. During the same time, 32 highly sensitized patients (group 2), without desensitization, had a negative crossmatch and received deceased-donor renal transplants. Results: Group 1 showed a numerically higher rate of acute rejection (32.0% vs 21.9%; P =.6) and antibody-mediated rejection (20.0% vs 9.4%; P =.3), but the difference was not statistically significant. Four of 5 cases of antibody-mediated rejection in group 1 had a peak donor specific antibody titer ≥ 1:8. Comparable mean serum creatinine levels at 24 months were observed (group 1: 130 ± 38 μmol/L vs group 2: 123 ± 41 μmol/L; P =.5). No difference in Kaplan-Meier graft survival was found between group 1 and group 2 after follow-up of 52 ± 26 months (P =.7). Conclusions: Desensitization with plasmapheresis, plus low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin enables successful deceased-donor renal transplant in highly sensitized patients with a positive crossmatch. Antibody-mediated rejection occurred predominantly in recipients with donor-specific antibodies of high titers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalExperimental and Clinical Transplantation
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Antibody-mediated rejection
  • Hla antibodies
  • Kidney transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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