Isolation of yeast mutants defective for localization of vacuolar vital dyes

Bing Zheng, Jennifer N. Wu, Wendy Schober, Dorothy E. Lewis, Thomas Vida

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30 Scopus citations


An application of flow cytometric sorting is used for isolation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants that mislocalize vacuolar vital dyes. This screen is based on the ability of a lipophilic styryl compound, N-(3- triethylammoniumpropyl)-4(6-(4-(diethylamino)phenyl)hexatrienyl)pyridinium dibromide (FM4-64), to label endocytic intermediates from the plasma membrane to the vacuole membrane at 15°C. Cells stained at 15°C for both FM4-64 and carboxydichlorofluorescein diacetate (a vacuolar luminal vital stain), had a pronounced shift in red/green fluorescence from cells stained at 30°or 38°C. Flow cytometric selection based on this characteristic shift allowed the isolation of 16 mutants. These comprised 12 complementation groups, which we have designated SVL for styryl dye vacuolar localization. These groups were put into three classes. Class I mutants contain very large vacuoles; class II mutants have very fragmented vacuoles; and class III mutants show the strongest svl phenotype with punctate/diffuse FM4-64 staining. Limited genetic overlap was observed with previously isolated mutants, namely sv12/vps41, sv16/vps16, and svl7/fab1. The remaining svl mutants appear to represent novel genes, two of which showed temperature-sensitive vacuole staining morphology. Another mutant, svl8, displayed defects in uptake and sorting of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Our flow cytometric strategy may be useful for isolation of other mutants where mislocalization of fluorescent compounds can be detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11721-11726
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number20
StatePublished - Sep 29 1998

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