Isolation and structural characterization of a cDNA clone encoding the human DNA repair protein for O6-alkylguanine

Keizo Tano, Susumu Shiota, Julia Collier, Robert S. Foote, Sankar Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

267 Scopus citations

Abstract

O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT; DNA-O6-methylguanine:protein-L-cysteine S-methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.63), a unique DNA repair protein present in most organisms, removes the carcinogenic and mutagenic adduct O6-alkylguanine from DNA by stoichiometrically accepting the alkyl group on a cysteine residue in a suicide reaction. The mammalian protein is highly regulated in both somatic and germ-line cells. In addition, the toxicity of certain alkylating drugs in tumor and normal cells is inversely related to the levels of this protein. The cDNA of the human gene, henceforth named MGMT, has been cloned in an expression vector on the basis of its rescue of a methyltransferasedeficient (ada-) Escherichia coli host. A 22-kDa active methyltransferase encoded entirely by the cDNA contains an amino acid sequence of 61 residues that bears 60-65% similarity with segments of E. coli methyltransferase (products of the ada and ogt genes), which encompass the alkyl-acceptor residues. The human cDNA has no sequence similarity with the ada and ogt genes, due in part to differences in codon usage, and shows no detectable homolog) with E. coli genomic DNA. However, it hybridizes with distinct restriction fragments of human, mouse, and rat DNAs. The lack of methyltransferase observed in many human cell lines is due to the absence of the MGMT gene or to lack of synthesis and/or stability of its 0.95-kilobase poly(A)+ RNA transcript.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-690
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Ada
  • MGMT gene
  • O-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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