5 alpha-Androstane-3 beta, 17 beta-diol hydroxylase (3 beta-diol hydroxylase), a form of cytochrome P-450, was purified from rat ventral prostate, and its regulation as a function of age and 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment was examined. Cytochrome P-450 could be quantitated by its CO difference spectrum only after partial purification from the microsomal membrane, and this was achieved by chromatography on p-chloroamphetamine-coupled Sepharose. Further purification of prostate microsomal P-450 by anion exchange chromatography yielded a preparation with a P-450 content of 8-10 nmol/mg of protein, which upon sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis showed, in the molecular weight region between 50,000 and 60,000 where P-450 is expected to migrate, a single protein band of Mr 54,000. This preparation upon reconstitution with cytochrome P-450 reductase and microsomal lipid catalyzed the formation of three triols, 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta, 7 beta, 17 beta-triol, 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta, 6 alpha, 17 beta-triol, and 5 alpha-androstane-3 beta, 7 alpha, 17 beta-triol from 3 beta-diol in the ratio 1:7:3. Both turnover number and the ratio of the three products in the reconstituted system were similar to that found in prostate microsomes. These data indicate that a single form of P-450 catalyzes the formation of all three triols and that 3 beta-diol hydroxylase is the major, if not the only, form of P-450 in the prostate microsomes of untreated rats. The yield of P-450 from prostate microsomes varied as a function of age from a high level of 0.05 nmol/mg of microsomal protein in 6-week-old rats to 0.002 nmol/mg of microsomal protein in rats 11 weeks or older. 3 beta-Diol hydroxylase activity followed a similar age-related pattern varying between 2,000 and 4,000 nmol of triols formed/g of tissue/h in 6-week-old rats to 100 nmol of triols formed/g of tissue/h in 11-week-old rats. Treatment of 6-week-old rats with DHT did not prevent the age-related decrease in 3 beta-diol hydroxylase activity. However, DHT does play a role in the regulation of this enzyme since castration resulted in a loss of catalytic activity from the prostate and treatment of castrated rats with DHT caused an induction of the enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology