Isolated t-wave abnormalities and evaluation of left ventricular wall motion after nifedipine for severe hypertension

Robert A. Phillips, Martin E. Goldman, Maria Ardeljan, Howard B. Eison, Seiichi Shimabukuro, Lawrence R. Krakoff

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9 Scopus citations


Rapid reduction of blood pressure by vasodilators in severe hypertensives has been associated with T- wave inversion. The significance of these changes in the absence of chest pain or other manifestations of ischemia is not known. To determine if these T- wave inversions are due to myocardial ischemia, we obtained electrocardiograms and left ventricular wall motion studies (2-D echocardiography) before and 1 h after rapid blood pressure reduction with nifedipine in 23 severe hypertensives. One hour after 10 mg nifedipine blood pressure was markedly reduced from 189 ± 6/117 ± 3 (mean ± SE) to 151 ± 5/91 ± 3 mm Hg (P <.001). New T-wave inversions developed in 6 of 23 (26%) subjects, but blinded evaluation of 2-D echocardiograms revealed no new wall motion abnormalities. Wall motion score, which at pretreatment was abnormal in 11 of 23 pa­tients, improved significantly after nifedipine from 1.4 ± 0.1 to 1.2 ± 0.1 (P <.05). Therefore, rapid and marked reduction of blood pressure with nifedipine is accompanied by a high incidence of asymptomatic T-wave inversions which are not accompanied by left ventricular wall motion abnormalities, suggest­ing that significant myocardial ischemia did not occur. Am J Hypertens 1991;4:432-437.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-437
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1991


  • Hypertension
  • Left ventric­ular wall motion
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Nifedipine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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