Is percutaneous injection of bone marrow concentrate, demineralized bone matrix and PRF an alternative to curettage and bone grafting for treating aneurysmal bone cyst?

Luca Cevolani, Laura Campanacci, Andrea Sambri, Enrico Lucarelli, Massimiliano De Paolis, Davide Maria Donati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To determine the efficacy and safety of a single injection with autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC) combined with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) compared to curettage and bone grafting for treating aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC). Two hundred thirty-nine patients were treated with curettage and bone grafting (Curettage Group), and 21 with percutaneous injection of DBM associated with autologous BMC and PRF (DBM + BMC + PRF Group). All patients attended the outpatient clinic to assess ABC healing and clinical results at the first 3, 6, 9 and 18 months after surgery and then annually in the absence of symptoms. The mean follow-up was 42 months for the Curettage Group (range 6–180 months) and 28 months for the DBM + BMC + PRF Group (range, 6–85 months). Out of the 21 patients who had injection with BMC, DBM, and PRF, 17 (80%) require no additional treatment and they were considered healed. Of the 239 patients treated with curettage and bone grafting after core needle or open biopsy, 177 (74%) were considered healed after the first treatment. Injection in comparison with curettage presented the same risk for local recurrence. The overall rate of local recurrence for all patients was 25%. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed a significant difference in local recurrence rates in patients younger than 15 years, and for the cyst located in the long bones of the lower limbs than the cyst located in the long bones of the upper limbs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • aneurysmal bone cyst
  • bone marrow concentrated
  • demineralized bone matrix
  • platelet-rich fibrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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