A intervenção clínica na fase de ultra alto risco é eficaz?

Translated title of the contribution: Is clinical intervention in the ultra high risk phase effective?

Philip McGuire, Sudhakar Selvaraj, Oliver Howes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent research suggests that early intervention in psychosis might improve the chances of recovery and may even be able to prevent the onset of psychotic disorders. Clinical intervention in subjects at ultra high risk (UHR) of psychosis can have three different objectives. Te first aim is to improve the 'prodromal' symptoms and problems that subjects usually present with. Te second is to reduce the risk of the subsequent onset of frank psychosis. Te third objective is to minimize the delay before the initiation of antipsychotic treatment in the subgroup of UHR subjects that go on to develop a first episode of psychosis. Both pharmacological and psychological interventions appear to be effective in reducing the severity of presenting symptoms in UHR subjects. Clinical trials of the impact of these interventions on the risk of subsequent transition to psychosis have been positive, but have involved small samples, and thus the issue of whether the effects persist in the long term remains to be determined. Te monitoring of UHR subjects for the first signs of frank psychosis is an effective means of reducing the delay between the onset of the first episode and the start of antipsychotic treatment. Follow-up studies are required to test whether the reduction in this delay leads to an improved long term outcome. To date, the majority of the interventions that have been used in UHR subjects, such as case management, antipsychotic medication, and cognitive behavior therapy have previously been employed in patients with established psychosis. However, it is possible that treatments that are not normally used in patients with psychotic disorders may prove effective when applied at this stage.

Translated title of the contributionIs clinical intervention in the ultra high risk phase effective?
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)S161-S167
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Volume33
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Antipsychotic agents
  • Cognitive terapy
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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