Irritable bowel syndrome in celiac disease - relationships to celiac disease antibodies and levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines

Carolina Olano, Virginia López, Teresa Freire, Ximena Rodríguez, Yessica Pontet, Alicia Alemán, Natalia Rodríguez, Laura Rovira, Elena Trucco, Eduardo Osinaga, Henry Cohen, Eamonn Mm Quigley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that low-grade inflammation can alter gastrointestinal motor and sensory function and might contribute to the genesis of symptoms in IBS. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between IBS, disease antibodies and cytokine titers in celiac patients and a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IBS, CD activity and serum levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL12/23p40 were determined in celiac patients and controls. RESULTS: 123 celiac patients were included, 89% were female. 59% demonstrated disease activity and 32% met IBS criteria. Prevalence of IBS was not different between patients who adhered or did not adhere to GFD as well as between patients with or without positive antibodies. Celiac patients had increased levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL12/23p40 as compared to controls. Higher levels of cytokines were found in celiac patients with IBS than in those without IBS. No difference in levels of cytokines was found between patients with and without CD positive antibodies. A significant negative correlation between the mental component of QoL and IL-6 and IL12/23p40 levels was found, but not with IL-8. CONCLUSION: Higher levels of inflammatory cytokines were found in CD patients with IBS than in either those without IBS or controls, indicating that IBS symptoms are associated with an increase in the inflammatory response and a decrease in quality of life of CD patients. These differences in cytokine levels were not related to CD antibodies status suggesting that IBS, in CD, is related to a different inflammatory process than that which is relevant to CD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalRevista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Volume40
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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