PURPOSE: To identify specific features during the process of involution of retinopathy of prematurity after treatment at threshold that are associated with development of a retinal detachment. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The evolution of retinal detachments over time was analyzed retrospectively in 262 treated eyes of 138 infants. Specific features hypothesized to be associated with development of a retinal detachment were analyzed, including vitreous organization defined as clinically important, active stage 3 disease and active plus disease more than 21 days after treatment, and vitreous hemorrhage defined as clinically important. RESULTS: A retinal detachment developed in 36 (13.7%) of 262 eyes. Vitreous organization meeting our clinically important definition was associated with a 31-fold (confidence interval [CI] 5.37-183.63; P < .0001) and 13-fold (CI 2.97-58.59; P < .0001) increase in the odds for retinal detachment for right and left eyes, respectively. Vitreous hemorrhage defined as clinically important was associated with a 38-fold (CI 2.69-551.19; P = .007) and 15-fold (CI 1.65-144.12; P = .02) increase in the odds for retinal detachment for right and left eyes, respectively. The timing of retinal detachment relative to vitreous hemorrhage was not determined. Prolonged activity of Stage 3 disease or plus disease more than 21 days after treatment was not associated with development of a retinal detachment. CONCLUSIONS: Clinically important vitreous organization and vitreous hemorrhage were predictive for development of a retinal detachment. Evaluation of preemptive reintervention strategies for eyes at highest risk for developing a retinal detachment may be reasonable.
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