BACKGROUND: Introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) changed the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). We evaluated the changes that occurred after PCV7 introduction among Utah infants aged 1 to 90 days, too young to be fully immunized. METHODS: We identified children <18 years with culture-confirmed IPD from 1997-2010. We analyzed demographic, clinical, and serotype data for infants aged 1-90 days. The pre- and post-vaccine introduction periods spanned 1997-2000 and 2001-2010, respectively. RESULTS: Of 513 children with IPD, 36 were 1 to 90 days and accounted for 7% of IPD cases in both the pre- and post-vaccine introduction period. The pre-vaccine IPD incidence rate was 5.0 per 100 000 live births, and was unchanged in the post-vaccine introduction period. IPD caused by PCV7 serotypes decreased by 74% (from 2.2 to 0.58 per 100 000), whereas non-vaccine serotype IPD increased by 57% (from 2.8 to 4.4 per 100 000). Sixteen infants (44%) required intensive care, and 3 (8%) died. Bacteremia without focus (56%) and meningitis (44%) were the predominant syndromes in the pre- and post-vaccine introduction periods, respectively. In the post-vaccine introduction period, serotype 7F was the most common serotype among infants and was responsible for 50% of meningitis. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of IPD in Utah infants aged 1 to 90 days caused by PCV7 serotypes decreased after PCV7 introduction, but overall incidence was unchanged. In the post-vaccine introduction period, serotype 7F predominated in this age group and was associated with meningitis. Pediatrics 2013;132:e17-e24.
- Invasive pneumococcal disease
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)