Intratumoral Nanofluidic System for Enhancing Tumor Biodistribution of Agonist CD40 Antibody

Corrine Ying Xuan Chua, Jeremy Ho, Antonia Susnjar, Graziano Lolli, Nicola Di Trani, Federica Pesaresi, Mengying Zhang, Elizabeth Nance, Alessandro Grattoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Tumor uptake and biodistribution of immunotherapy is associated with clinical response as well as toxicity. To augment immunotherapy bioavailability in the tumor, an intratumoral administration route via direct injection or local release technologies has emerged as an appealing approach. Here the biodistribution of an agonistic anti-CD40 monocolonal antibody (CD40 mAb) when sustainably delivered via an intratumoral nanofluidic drug-eluting seed (NDES) is evaluated in comparison to systemic or direct intratumoral administration. The NDES achieves sustained drug release through diffusion by leveraging electrostatic nanoconfinement within nanochannels, without requiring internal or external actuation. Using the 4T1 murine mammary carcinoma model, the biodistribution of Alexa Fluor-700 conjugated CD40 mAb is tracked via fluorescence imaging analysis, comparing three routes of administration over 7 and 14 days. NDES-treated cohort shows sustained high levels of intratumoral CD40 mAb without off-target organ exposure, compared to the intraperitoneal and direct intratumoral administration. Moreover, radiation pre-treatment of the 4T1 tumors augments tumor retention of CD40 mAb in the NDES group. Overall, sustained intratumoral release of CD40 mAb via the NDES improves local drug bioavailability without systemic dissemination, suggesting an enhanced approach for immunotherapy administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000055
Journaladvanced therapeutics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • biodistribution
  • cancer immunotherapy
  • controlled release
  • intratumoral drug delivery
  • nanofluidics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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