Abstract

Background: Manometry is the gold standard diagnostic test for achalasia. However, there are incidences where manometry cannot be obtained preoperatively, or the results of manometry is inconsistent with the patient's symptomatology. We aim to determine if intraoperative use of EndoFLIP can provide a diagnosis of achalasia and provide objective information during Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication. Methods: To determine the intraoperative diagnostic EndoFLIP values for patients with achalasia, we determined the optimal cut-off points of the distensibility index (DI) between patients with a diagnosis of achalasia and patients with a diagnosis of hiatal hernia. To evaluate the usefulness of EndoFLIP values during Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication, we obtained a cohort of patients with EndoFLIP values obtained after Heller myotomy and after Dor fundoplication as well as Eckardt score before and after surgery. Results: Our analysis of 169 patients (133 hiatal hernia and 36 achalasia) showed that patients with DI < 0.8 have a >99% probability of having achalasia, while DI > 2.3 have a >99% probability of having hiatal hernia. Patients with a DI 0.8–1.3 have a 95% probability of having achalasia, and patients with a DI of 1.4–2.2 have a 94% probability of having a hiatal hernia. There were 40 patients in the cohort to determine objective data during Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication. The DI increased from a median of 0.7 to 3.2 after myotomy and decreased to 2.2 after Dor fundoplication (p < 0.001). The median Eckardt score went down from a median of 4.5 to 0 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our study shows that intraoperative use of EndoFLIP can facilitate the diagnosis of achalasia and is used as an adjunct to diagnose achalasia when symptoms are inconsistent. The routine use of EndoFLIP during Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication provides objective data during the operation in a group of patients with excellent short-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2365-2372
Number of pages8
JournalSurgical Endoscopy
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Achalasia
  • Distensibility index
  • Dor fundoplication
  • Dysphagia
  • EndoFLIP
  • Endoluminal functional lumen imaging probe
  • Heller myotomy
  • Hiatal hernia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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